Climatology

Development of a Canopy Model Suitable for Predicting Smoke Dispersion from Low-Intensity Forest Fires

The impact of regional climate change on fire weather and fire behavior and the feedback of landuse change to regional climate system in regions of eastern United States

Enviro-weather decision-making tools for the grape and wine industry

Exploring best practice procedures for optimal use of climate forecast for regional hydrological applications

WSC-Category 1 -Transboundary Management for Groundwater Sustainability in a Climate-threatened Region: Ceylanpinar Aquifer and Southeast Anatolia

WSC-Category 2 Collaborative Research: Water Sustainability and Climate in the Great Lakes Region of East Africa

Enviro-weather decision-making tools for the Michigan Christmas tree industry

Andresen, J. A.,  G. Alagarswamy, G. Guentchev, Perdinan, K. Piromsopa, A Pollyea, G. Soter, J. Van Ravensway, and J. Winkler. 2011.  “Potential Impacts of Future Climate on Row Crop Production in the Great Lakes Region.”  Chapter 6 in Climate Change Impacts, Risk, Vulnerability, and Adaptation in the Midwestern United States.  S. C. Pryor, ed., Indiana University Press.

Winkler, J., J. Andresen, J Bisanz, R. Black, G. Guentchev, J. Nugent, K. Piromsopa, N. Rothwell, C. Zavalloni, J. Clark, H. Min, A. Pollyea, H. Prawiranata, and R. Torre. 2011.  “Michigan’s Tart Cherry Industry:  Vulnerability to Climate Variability and Change.”  Chapter 9 in Climate Change Impacts, Risk, Vulnerability, and Adaptation in the Midwestern United States.  S. C. Pryor, ed., Indiana University Press.

Salazar, E., B. Sanso, A. O. Finley, D. Hammerling, I. Steinsland, X. Wang, and P. Delamater.  2011.  “Comparing and Blending Regional Climate Model Predictions for the American Southwest.”  Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics.  16:586-605.

Yuan, X., F. Wood, L. Luo, and M. Pan.  2011.  “A First Look at Climate Forecast System Version 2 (CFSv2) for Hydrological Seasonal Prediction.”  Geophysical Research Letters.  38, L13402, doi:10.1029/2011GL047792.

Pijanowski, B., N. Moore, D. Mauree, and D. Niyogi.  2011.  “Evaluating Error Propagation in Coupled Land-Atmospheric Models.”  Earth Interactions.  15, 1-25.

Moore, N., G. Alagarswamy, B. Pijanowski, P. Thornton, B. Lofgren, J. Olson, J. Andresen, P. Yanda, and  J. Qi.  2011.  “East African Food Security as Influenced by Future Climate Change and Land Use Change at Local to Regional Scales.”  Climatic Change.  107 (1).  Doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0116-7.

Winkler, J. A.  2011.  “Geographical Sciences Versus Geography:  How and Why?”  Professional Geographer.  63: 314-317.

Winkler, J. A., G. S. Guentchev, Perdinan, P. N. Tan, S. Zhong, M. Liszewska, Z. Abraham, T. Niedzwiedz, and Z. Ustrnul.  2011.  “Climate Scenario Development and Applications for Local/Regional Climate Change Impact Assessments:  An Overview for the Non-Climate Scientist.  Part I:  Scenario Development Using Downscaling Methods.”  Geography Compass.  5/6: 275-300.

Winkler, J. A., G. S. Guentchev, M. Liszewska, Perdinan, and P. N. Tan.  2011.  “Climate Scenario Development and Applications for Local/Regional Climate Change Impact Assessments:  An Overview for the Non-Climate Scientist.  Part II:  Considerations When Using Climate Change Scenarios..”  Geography Compass.  5/6: 301-328.

Zhong, S., X. Xu, X. Bian, and W. Lu.  2011.  “Climatology of Persistent Deep Stable Layers in Utah’s Salt Lake Valley, U. S.”  Advances in Science and Research.  6: 59-62, doi:10.5194/asr-6-59-2011.

Kiefer, M. T. and S. Zhong.  2011.  An Idealized Modeling Study of Nocturnal Cooling Processes Inside a Small Enclosed Basin.”  Journal of Geophysical Research.  116, D20127, doi:10.1029/2011JD016119.

Katurji, M., S. Zhong, and P. Zawar-Reza.  2011.  “Long-Range Transport of Terrain-Induced Turbulence form High-Resolution Numerical Simulations.”  Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.  11, 11793-11805, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-9797-2011.

Lu, W. J. J. Charney, S. Zhong, and X. Bian.  2011.  “A 20-year Haines Index Climatology for North America.”  International Journal of Wildland Fire.  20 (1), 91-103.  Doi:10.1071/WF08196.

Yu, L., Z. Zhang, S. Zhong, M. Zhou, Z. Gao, H. Wu, and B. Sun.  2011.  “An Intercomparison of Six Latent and Sensible Heat Flux Products over the Southern Ocean.”  Polar Research.  30, 10167.  Doi: 10.3402/polar.v30i0.10167.

Yu, L., J. Z. Zhang, S. Zhong, B. Sun, H. Hsu, Z. Gao, H. Wu, and J. Ban.  2011.  “The Intraseasonal Variability of Winter Semester Surface Temperature in Antarctica.”  Polar Research.  30, 6039.  Doi: 10.3402/polar.v3010.6039.

Yu, L., Z. Zhang, M. Zhou, S. Zhong, D. Lenschow, H. Hsu, H. Wu, and B. Sun.  2011.  “Influence of Antarctic Oscillation, the Pacific South American Modes, and the El Nino-Southern Oscillation on the Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Variations.”  Antarctic Science.  1-18.  Doi:10.1017/S095410201100054X.

Agricultural Climatology

climate-research-agWeather and its longer term variant, climate, remain among the most important uncontrollable variables in agricultural production systems. The climatology group is involved in a wide variety of agrometeorological and agroclimatological research, much of it collaboratively with researchers in MSU’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Examples of current and recent past research projects include:

  • Plant Disease Risk Prediction with NEXRAD Precipitation Estimates
  • Irrigation Scheduling in Michigan
  • Enviro-Weather Project (use of real-time weather information for agricultural decision-making)

Applied Meteorology

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With a wide variety of real-time and historical atmospheric data available, the climatology group explores new uses of climatological data as well as the links between weather and a number of weather-dependent processes. One current related project is:

  • Wind Energy Resources in Michigan

 

Boundary Layer and Mountain Meteorology

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Boundary layer and mountain meteorology research at MSU focuses on the structure and evolution of the atmospheric boundary layer in complex terrain with particular emphasis on stable stratification, cold air pools, and the interactions of thermally-driven circulations with large-scale flows. Current research projects include:

  • The Meteorological Experiment in Arizona’s Meteor Crater (METCRAX)
  • Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (TREX)
  • Persistent Cold Air Pool Studies (PCAPS)

Fire and Air Pollution

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Climatology faculty members are involved in joint venture agreements with the USDA Forest Service to improve our understanding of the dynamic interaction of wildland fire and atmospheric conditions, study the weather and climate associated with wildland fire risk, and developing tools for estimating the contributions of wildland and prescribed fires to air pollution. These projects include:

Synoptic Climatology

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Synoptic climatology, which is the study of the relationships between atmospheric circulation with local and regional climate, has historically been an important research emphasis at MSU. The focus of much of this research has been on the central United States and the Great Lakes region. A current example of synoptic climatological research at MSU is:

  • Low-Level Jet Climatology