Introducing the Loess Pyramid – an Unusual Landform in the Thick Loess Deposits of Vojvodina, Serbia


Dajana Bjelajac, Minučer Mesaroš, Randall J. Schaetzl, Dragoslav Pavić, Tanja Micić, Rastko S. Marković, Milivoj B. Gavrilov, Zoran Perić, and Slobodan B. Marković


In this paper we introduce the term “loess pyramid” for an unusual form of relief in thick loess deposits. From a distance, the loess pyramid resembles a haystack; this is why it is known as “the haystack” by the local residents. Its erosional origin is conditional, occurring only where loess deposits are thick and gully erosion changes direction significantly. We describe a loess pyramid on a thick loess section near the Tisa (Tisza) River in Titel province, Serbia. The pyramid has a maximum altitude of 111.6 m, a width of 82 m and a length of 52 m. It is framed by two smaller gullies that belong to one hydrological system, but each has different morphological properties. The gullies output directly to the floodplain of the Tisa River, which cut the escarpment that the pyramid is set within. Given the relatively small number of references from the international and geomorphological literature on such landforms, this study represents an interesting contribution to the geomorphology of loess landscapes.