GEO 113 Introduction to Economic Geography

Study of the spatial distribution of resources, population, enterprise, trade, consumption, and economic production.  Emphasis placed on the interaction of those distributions at local-to-global scales.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring

GEO 151 Introduction to Human Geography

A systematic study of the spatial patterns of people and the human and physical processes that have shaped the human use and alteration of the earth.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring

GEO 151V Human Geography Online

An online version of the systematic study of the spatial patterns of people and the human and physical processes that have shaped the human use and alteration of the earth.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Summer

GEO 201 Introduction to Plant Geography

Geographic distribution and characteristics of plants throughout the world; relationships between biomes and aspects of the physical environment (climate, soils, landforms, disturbance); plant ecology; human impacts on vegetation; optional field trip on campus.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 203 Introduction to Meteorology

An introduction to the fundamentals of meteorology including weather prediction, energy balance, adiabatic processes, horizontal motion, cyclogenesis, and severe weather.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 203V Introduction to Meteorology Online

An online introduction to the fundamentals of meteorology including weather prediction, energy balance, adiabatic processes, horizontal motion, cyclogenesis, and severe weather.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Summer

GEO 204 World Regional Geography

In a time of increasing globalization of economic, political and technological processes, different societies on different continents are responding in various ways. This course explores the conditions that contribute to diversity in different world regions including economic, social, political and environmental processes.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 204V World Regional Geography Online

In a time of increasing globalization of economic, political and technological processes, different societies on different continents are responding in various ways. This online course explores the conditions that contribute to diversity in different world regions including economic, social, political and environmental processes.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Summer

GEO 206 Physical Geography

The study of geographic and functional interrelationships within the physical environment including Earth-sun relationships, weather, climate, soils, vegetation and landforms.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring

GEO 206L Physical Geography Laboratory

Laboratory exercises involving geographic aspects of weather, climate, soil, vegetation, and terrain including interpretation and application of maps and remotely sensed imagery.

Credits: 1
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring

GEO 206V Physical Geography Online

An online version of the study of geographic and functional interrelationships within the physical environment including Earth-sun relationships, weather, climate, soils, vegetation and landforms.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Summer

GEO 208 Physical Geography of National Parks

An overview of the physical landscapes of North America’s major national parks and monuments. Included are topics related to their geology, ecology, and recreational attributes.

Credits: 2
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 211 Environmental Policy and Practice

Systematic study of environmental policy and resource management practices in the United States and the broader global context, emphasizing geographical and other social sciences perspectives.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 214 Geography of Drugs

A study of the physical, ecological, and human geographies of drugs, drug crops, pharmaceuticals, alcohol, and their diffusions. Cultural geographies and geopolitical implications of drugs’ consumption, trade, and regulation and prohibition.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 215 Sports Geography

Geographical variables that influence the location, character, and spread of sports at the national and global scale. Human cultures, and diffusion. Themes associated with the geography of sports. Origin and spread of collegiate, professional, international, and Olympic sports.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 221 Introduction to Geographic Information

Principles and methods of spatial data collection, handling, analysis, and display. Includes an introduction to remote sensing, geographic information systems, and cartography.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring

GEO 221LV Introduction to Geographic Information Laboratory Online

Basic skills for working with Geographic Information Systems, remotely sensed imagery, design of maps, geospatial tools and technologies for data analysis and problem-solving.

Credits: 1
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer

GEO 221V Introduction to Geographic Information Online

An online version of principles and methods of spatial data collection, handling, analysis, and display. Includes an introduction to remote sensing, geographic information systems, and cartography.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Summer

GEO 235 Geography of Environment and Health

An introduction to the geography of untoward exposures in built, physical and social environments and related health outcomes, with special attention to environmental justice and equity.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 259 Geography of Recreation and Tourism

Cultural, physical, and biotic factors affecting the distribution of recreation and tourism resources and participation using U.S. and international examples and case studies.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 306 Environmental Geomorphology

Relationships of running water, weathering, gravity, ice, waves, wind, and biota (including humans) to terrain and soils. Includes the evolution of landscapes with both classical and modern interpretations.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 324 Remote Sensing of the Environment

Interpretation methods of remotely-sensed imagery, especially black-and-white and color infrared airphotos.  Study of the basic features of radar, thermal, and multispectral imagery.  Interpretation applications for agriculture, archaeology, fisheries, forestry, geography, landscape architecture, planning, and wildlife management.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 324V Remote Sensing of the Environment Online

Online interpretation methods of remotely-sensed imagery, especially black-and-white and color infrared airphotos.  Study of the basic features of radar, thermal, and multispectral imagery.  Interpretation applications for agriculture, archaeology, fisheries, forestry, geography, landscape architecture, planning, and wildlife management.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 325 Geographic Information Systems

A study of the technical and theoretical issues in the design, implementation, and use of geographic information systems for research and applications including hands-on GIS exercises.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 325V Geographic Information Systems Online

An online version of the study of the technical and theoretical issues in the design, implementation, and use of geographic information systems for research and applications including hands-on GIS exercises.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 326 Cartographic Design and Production

A study of the elements of map design including planning, layout, typography, color theory and selection, and user issues. Techniques of map production, for both printed and electronic display.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 330 Geography of the United States and Canada

A regional analysis of the evolution and status of environmental, demographic, economic, and socio-cultural patterns and processes in the region.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 330V Geography of the United States and Canada Online

A regional analysis of the evolution and status of environmental, demographic, economic, and socio-cultural patterns and processes in the region.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Summer

GEO 333 Geography of Michigan and the Great Lakes Region

A study of Michigan’s physical, historical, and economic geography. Emphasis on the interrelationships between the physical environment and historical and contemporary land uses including demographic and agricultural patterns, human history and settlement, and contemporary recreational opportunities.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 335 Geography of Latin America

A study of the physical and human geography of Latin America including current development issues, especially people-environment interaction in urban and rural areas. Special topics include migration, urbanization, and industrialization.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 336 Geography of Europe

A study of the major regions and nations of Europe including their physical resources, peoples, political structures, and economies.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 337 Geography of Asia-Pacific

Spatial patterns and processes of economic, urban, human and physical geography in eastern Asia, including China, Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the Indian subcontinent. Special emphasis on contemporary regional development

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 338 Geography of Africa

A study of the physical and human geography of Africa including current development issues, especially people-environment interaction in urban and rural areas. Special topics include drought, agricultural patterns, hunger, rural development, migration, and urbanization.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 339 Geography of the Middle East and North Africa

A study of the physical and human geographies of the Middle East and North Africa. Topics include historical and contemporary topics of ethno-nationalism, religion, state-building, peace and conflict environment, development, urbanization, and global interactions.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 340 Geography of Eurasia

A study of the physical, ecological, and human geographies of the lands and peoples of the former Russian and Soviet empires and of neighboring regions.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of even years

GEO 363 Introduction to Quantitative Methods for Geographers

Quantitative techniques in the analysis and classification of spatial data including case studies of real-world geographic distributions.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 401 Geography of Plants of North America

A study of the distribution of plants and vegetation in North America including the ecological processes and human impacts responsible for this geography. Includes opportunities for field study.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 402 Agricultural Climatology

A study of the relationships between climate and agriculture in resource assessment, water budget analysis, meteorological hazards, pests, crop-yield modeling, and impacts of global climate change.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 403 Dynamic Meteorology

Principles of fluid dynamics and their application to the atmosphere.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 405 Weather Analysis and Forecasting

Dynamic and thermodynamic principles of atmospheric science applied to the development and evolution of extratropical cyclones. Laboratory sessions include analysis of current observations and satellite imagery.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 407 Regional Geomorphology of the United States

A survey of the geomorphic characteristics of the major physiographic and landform regions of the United States.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 408 Soils Geomorphology Field Study

Field observations of the common geographic relationships among soils, landforms, and vegetation in lower Michigan including the description, analysis, and genesis of soils, surficial processes and landscapes.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 409 Global Climate Change and Variability

An analysis of climate change and variability at various time and space scales. Includes climate systems, paleoclimatology, global warming, climate models, and climate impact assessment.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 410 Geography of Food and Agriculture

A survey of the spatial patterns of contemporary global agriculture and food systems. Includes human-environment interactions of selected agricultural practices and food systems and the effects of agricultural practices on natural and human resources.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 411 Stream Systems and Landforms

A study of the themes associated with stream systems including the evolution of drainage basins and channel hydrology, the nature of flowing water, stream discharge, and flooding.  Special topics include human controls of stream behavior, channel patterns and landform development. A field project focuses on Michigan stream systems.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of even years

GEO 413 Urban Geography

A study of the theories and models of urban spatial form including the underlying structures and processes of cities. Special emphasis on socio-spatial dimensions of modern urbanism and differentiation and locational conflict in residential, commercial, and industrial space.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 414 Geography of Transportation

Spatial principles of transportation including theories of interaction, network structures, and location-allocation models. Special emphasis on the role of transport and transport planning.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 415 Location Theory and Land Use Analysis

Classical and neoclassical, static and dynamic models of industrial location and spatial organization. Includes land rent theory, central place theory, multi-locational organization, and growth transmission.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 418 The Ghetto

Analysis of the U.S. urban ghetto including its spatial organization and structure including the distribution of racial and ethnic populations.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall of odd years

GEO 424 Advanced Remote Sensing

A study of the measurable interaction of solar radiation with the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Includes introductory digital image processing, radar and thermal remote sensing, earth-resources satellite sensors, data products, and applications.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 425 Problems in Geographic Information Systems

Advanced theoretical and technical issues in geographic information science utilizing a problems-oriented approach. Development and implementation of geographic information science solutions and formal documentation of work.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 426 Thematic Cartography

Principles, techniques, and decision making in thematic mapping including the use of computer-mapping and geographic information systems (GIS) software to produce individual thematic maps and map series. Emphasis on the electronic delivery of thematic maps.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 428 Digital Terrain Analysis

Theoretical and technical issues of collection, management, analysis, and display of terrain data.  Application of photogrammetry, geographic information systems, and cartography to earth landforms.

Credits: 4
Semesters Offered: Fall of even years

GEO 429 Geoprocessing

Applications of computer programming to address geographic information problems.  Integration of digital space data, geographic information systems, spatial analysis, and expert systems.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 432 Environmental Ethics

Ethical dimensions of environmental and spatial issues and associated public policies.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 435 Geography of Health and Disease

Spatio-environmental concepts and techniques applied to health problems including disease transmission cycles, community nutrition, and health-care planning.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

GEO 436 Spatial Analysis of Populations

Concepts and methods to measure and evaluate geo-spatial and temporal trends in populations and their components, such as natality, mortality, migration, and characteristics at different geographic scales. Topics include sources of spatial population data and visualization and analysis of data in maps.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 440 Critical Geopolitics

Political geographies of origins and conduct of nation-states.  Includes identity-place dynamics, colonialism and imperialism, resistance and terrorism, and resource and environmental politics.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of even years

GEO 441 Cultural Geography

Survey of the geographic study of world cultures, cultural ecologies, cultural landscapes, and cultural influences on societies’ patterns of spatial organization. 

 

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 453 Metropolitan Environments

Study of the physical fabric of the city and the growth of regional centers in the American urban landscape.  Includes land use change and other issues associated with urban developments, practices and patterns in the 20th century and the resulting metropolitan form and function.  Extensive use of geographic information software in spatial analysis of urban patterns.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring

GEO 454 Geography of Environment and Development

Spatial patterns and processes associated with regional development in selected world areas.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 459 Tourism in Regional Development

The role of tourism in regional development with examples from Michigan, the United States, and other nations. Special emphasis on environmental issues.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Spring of odd years

GEO 480 Senior Seminar

A review of the history, philosophy, and methodology of the geographic discipline as it has evolved within academic and social contexts.  Includes resume building and semester projects.

Credits: 3
Semesters Offered: Fall

Geo 490 Independent Study

Supervised individual study in an area supplementary to regular courses.

Credits: Varies
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer

GEO 495 Field Study

Supervised original research on selected aspects of geography.

Credits: Varies
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer

GEO 498 Internship in Geography

Individual experience in geography in an approved organization.

Credits: Varies
Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer